A polyester cotton blend can be versatile, as it most likely retains the coolness and lightness of the cotton fiber, but also adds the strength, durability and wrinkle-resistance of polyester. Is mostly used in the garment industry to make clothing that people want to be able to wash and wear without having to iron and withstand more washing. Many home sewers prefer polyester cotton blends as it is more forgiving and easy to sew than pure cotton, as it wrinkles and shrinks less.
The term 2 Ply is usually applied to the extra long staple cotton used by luxury and upmarket brands worldwide. Yarn made by twisting two cotton strands is called two-ply. Yarn that is simply a single strand of cotton is single-ply, or singles. Two-ply is generally better as it is smoother, stronger, and more luxury feel than singles.
Today, broadcloth refers to a cotton or a cotton-blend fabric with a tight weave and a narrow crosswise rib. It is inexpensive and commonly used for exclusive shirts; the fabric is thin and durable. Traditionally, broadcloth was made in several parts of England at the end of the medieval period. Manufactured broadcloth garments can also be found, especially in cooler regions, where heavy insulating fabrics are extremely useful. You'l find broadcloth in several colours, and patterns
Pima cotton, also called Extra Long Staple (ELS), is a type of cotton grown primarily in the southwest region of the United States, Peru, Australia, and a few other countries. It is considered to be one of the superior cotton, and is extremely durable and absorbent. Pima cotton is named after the Pima Native Americans who first cultivated the plant in the US, but its origins date back to its cultivation in Peru. Similar to the Egyptian cotton in terms of quality, it is a strong, soft, and durable material, which make it one of the most famous and popular cotton types to be used for clothing.
Sea Island Cotton
In about 1786, planting of Sea Island Cotton, G. barbadense, began in the British North American colonies, on the Sea Islands of Georgia when cotton planters were brought over from Barbados. (Among the earliest planters of Sea Island cotton in America was an Englishman, Francis Levett, who later fled his Georgia Plantation at the outbreak of the American Revolution and went to the Bahamas, where he attempted to introduce cotton production but failed.)
Sea Island cotton commanded the highest price of all the cottons, due to its long staple 1 1/2in to 2 1/2in and its silky texture, it was used for the finest cotton counts and often mixed with silk. It was also grown on the uplands of Georgia where the quality was not so good, and was soon surpassed in commercial production by another native American species, Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) which today represents about 95% of U.S product.